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How to Insert Superscript, Subscript and Exponents in Google Forms

How to Insert Superscript, Subscript and Exponents in Google Forms

Google Forms is a versatile tool used by educators, marketers, and businesses for surveys, quizzes, and data collection. However, it doesn’t natively support advanced text formatting like superscripts, subscripts, and exponents, which can be crucial for mathematical or scientific forms. In this guide, we will show you how to insert or add superscripts, subscripts, and exponents in Google Forms with easy-to-follow steps.

Why Use Superscripts, Subscripts, and Exponents?

Superscripts and subscripts are essential for writing chemical formulas, mathematical expressions, and footnotes. Exponents are commonly used in mathematical and scientific contexts. Proper formatting enhances the readability and professionalism of your forms.

Methods to Add Superscript, Subscript, and Exponents in Google Forms

1. Using Unicode Characters

One of the simplest ways to insert superscripts, subscripts, and exponents in Google Forms is by using Unicode characters.


  1. Find the Unicode Characters: Use a Unicode character table to find the desired characters. For instance:

    • Superscript 2 (²): U+00B2
    • Subscript 2 (₂): U+2082
    • Superscript n (ⁿ): U+207F
  2. Copy and Paste: Copy the required Unicode character and paste it into your Google Forms question or response field.


  • Superscript: H₂O (Water)
  • Subscript: CO₂ (Carbon Dioxide)
  • Exponent: E = mc² (Einstein’s equation)

2. Using Google Docs

Google Docs allows more advanced text formatting, which you can then copy into Google Forms.


  1. Create the Text in Google Docs:

    • Open Google Docs.
    • Type your text and use the “Format” menu to select “Text” > “Superscript” or “Subscript”.
  2. Copy and Paste: Once formatted, copy the text from Google Docs and paste it into your Google Forms.


  1. Open Google Docs and type E = mc.
  2. Highlight 2 and go to Format > Text > Superscript.
  3. Copy the formatted text and paste it into Google Forms.

3. Using Google Sheets for Complex Formulas

For more complex mathematical formulas, Google Sheets can be an intermediary step.


  1. Create Your Formula in Google Sheets:

    • Use the available functions in Google Sheets to create complex formulas.
    • Format parts of the text manually if necessary.
  2. Copy and Paste: Copy the formatted cell and paste it into Google Forms.

4. Using HTML Entities (Limited)

Google Forms supports some HTML entities for basic formatting, although this is limited and may not work for all characters.


  1. Insert HTML Entities:

    • Use HTML entity codes for superscripts and subscripts where supported. For example, ² for ² and &sub2; for ₂.
  2. Copy and Paste: Copy the HTML entity into your form. Note that this method is less reliable due to varying support.

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